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HISTORY OF ISTANBUL
According to legend, the city of Istanbul was founded by Byzas the Megarian in 667 BC. But before forming this settlement, Byzas visited the Oracle of Delphi, requesting advice as to where would be a good location. The Oracle predicted that he would settle his town 'opposite blind men'.
Byzas went off to find this area and
presently arrived at the vacant point of the Golden Horn peninsula,
where Topkapi Palace presently stands. He was soon fascinated by the
beauty of the area. Hearing of a civilization living on the opposite
Asian side, named Chalcadeon (Kadikoy), he felt them to be ill-sighted.
How could they have not found and appreciated the wonderfully convenient
location just opposite them on the European peninsula? So, the Oracle's
prediction was confirmed, and he so he built his town on the peninsula. So commences the recent history of Istanbul.
In the year 179 BC, the city was captured by the Rhodian, Pergamonian
and Bithinian forces, followed by a brief takeover by Mithritades,
the king of Pontus, before returning again to Roman domination. It
was the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus who first built the city walls.
In 324 AD, Constantine rose to power and during his reign the city
was enhanced and new city walls were added, further beautified and
enlarged by his successor, Theodosius the Great.